Meles Zenawi to quit in 2010
Pana News | February 14, 2009
"Described as an 'Ethiopian Obama' and a brilliant speaker and organiser, Birtukan has become a symbol of democracy in her own country, compared with figures like Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi." - The Independent.
The Ethiopian Premier, who has been at the helm of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) for the last 18 years, said on Friday that he has had enough and wanted to do something different after the next elections.
Ethiopia is about 15 months away from the next elections, due in 2010.
The Prime Minister says he is considering quitting the post and remaining as party leader if his party members agree to the position, but said he would make a final decision on this later.
The Ethiopian leader was asked about two conflicting signals he had given about his intentions not to seek a new mandate during the next elections in 2010. He said his personal decisions not to seek the post of Prime Minister must be balanced by the party position.
The EPRDF says it has yet to decide on who would be the next leader but the party has begun the search for a new leader of the party. The party sources say they are looking for the "new face of Ethiopia" if the current premier insists on not running for the post.
"I cannot be a member of the party and not respect its decisions. My open decision is that there will be no conflict between my position and that of the party. If there is a conflict, I will have the freedom to chose but I will try to resolv e the differences,' the PM said.
The Ethiopian PM, who has been gaining momentum as one of Africa's foremost leaders and respected spokesman on continental affairs, said he would not take personal credit for the party's achievements during his tenure at the helm.
He said among his major achievements were leading the Ethiopian transition process from military rule to a democratic system that employs a parliamentary system of leadership.
The PM said he was glad Ethiopia's transition from military rule to democracy did not suffer from setbacks such as those witnessed in Eastern Europe.
He said Ethiopia had transformed its political system to a full democracy, despite certain limitations the three arms of government still suffered.
He also said Ethiopia's move from economic stagnation to rapid growth was equally an achievement during his tenure as Prime Minister.
"We took Ethiopia into one of the seven few elite states with a higher economic growth rate in the world, that is an achievement," the Premier, who holds a record as one of the few African leaders to conduct regular press interviews, told a t hree-hour long briefing.
He said under his rule, steps to fight corruption had also been initiated but expressed disappointment at some very lenient sentences that some people charged with corruption were getting away with.
Meles Zenawi defends arrest of top opposition leader
ADDIS ABABA (AFP) — Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has said the arrest of the country's opposition leader was not a political decision, arguing the authorities were left with no other choice.
Authorities arrested and sentenced Birtukan Midekssa to life in prison in January after she reportedly said she never expressed remorse to obtain a pardon in 2007. She was given three days to deny or confirm the reports.
"We were put in an almost impossible situation politically and legally. The law says if a pardon is given under false pretenses it has to be annulled," Meles told journalists late Friday.
The Ethiopian leader accused Birtukan of banking on support from "powerful friends in powerful positions" -- presumably Western nations -- when she made the comments during a recent trip to Sweden and Germany.
"Had we indulged on her assumptions the message that we would have conveyed would be 'nothing happens to you no matter what you do. If you have friends in all the right places, you can ride roughshod with everything'," Meles said.
"That message I think is a very dangerous political message to convey in an emerging democracy. The rule of law and equality involves everyone."
Birtukan, the head of the Unity for Democracy Justice party, had been detained with dozens of opposition figures and supporters following disputed 2005 elections.
The United States, a staunch Ethiopian ally and the country's top aid contributor, has expressed concern over the arrest and called for more political freedom in the Horn of Africa nation.
Birtukan's party made its most spectacular electoral gains ever in the 2005 polls and cried foul over reported fraud, claiming it was robbed of victory by Zenawi's ruling party.
The ensuing unrest left close to 200 people dead and drew international condemnation.
Ethiopia's next general elections are expected to be held in 2010.
Ethiopia sees inflation down to single digit by July
ADDIS ABABA, Feb 14 (Reuters) - Ethiopia's high rate of inflation will be back to single figures by June or July this year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said.
The Horn of Africa nation's annual inflation rate hit a high of 61.7 percent in August 2008, spurred by soaring food and fuel prices.
It has since fallen steadily, reaching 37.8 percent in January.
Speaking at a news conference late on Friday, Meles said a halt on government borrowing and a rise in bank reserves had underpinned the declining rate.
"The global inflation cycle we had last year is dead. Prices are going down," said Meles, adding that taming inflation was the number one economic priority for his government.
"We expect inflation in the single digit rate by June or July."
Meles said Ethiopia planned to rebuild foreign exchange reserves to 1.8 months of imports by the end of the financial year. The IMF says reserves are currently equivalent to one month of imports.
Despite the difficult global panorama, Meles reiterated the official forecast that Ethiopia's mainly agricultural economy will grow by 11.2 percent in 2009, up from 10 percent last year.
The International Monetary Fund has predicted 6.5 percent growth for Ethiopia in 2009.
The Ethiopian leader is calling for wealthy countries to finance a "vulnerability fund" for the world's poorest.
"The coming decade or so is likely to be very dark indeed for Africa," said Meles, adding that developed nations had allocated some $7 trillion to battling the financial crisis.
"A bank in these countries that is deemed too important to fail is getting more assistance than the whole continent of Africa."
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